We don’t with any certainty know a single detail about his death, other than that he indeed did die. The Apostle Paul and His Times: Christian History Timeline. Your email address will not be published. – Razão da Esperança, Your email address will not be published. Subscribers receive full access to the archives. According to the 18th-century historian Edward Gibbon, early Christians (second half of the second century and first half of the third century) believed that only Peter, Paul, and James, son of Zebedee, were martyred. When A Word Is Worth A Thousand Complaints (and When It Isn’t), Why There Are So Many ‘Miraculous’ Stories of Bibles Surviving Disaster. The willingness of the apostles to suffer and die as martyrs for their faith is one of the most commonly cited arguments for the resurrection. Already a subscriber? There's 12 to know and there's a lot to know about them. How do we know that every apostle except John died for his faith, and are those sources reliable? Or take the death of Philip, which bishop Polycrates of Ephesus (130-196)—again ... To continue reading, subscribe now. We know James, son of Zebedee was beheaded. Mark. The apostles were eyewitnesses of the risen Jesus. How do we know the apostles were actually martyred, and does dying for one's faith prove anything other than loyalty to a belief system? Thomas, the Apostle who doubted Christ's appearance in the upper room, preached predominantly in the East in countries like India and Parthia. St. Thomas, Apostle and Martyr, is best known as “Doubting Thomas,” but his faith and personality were much deeper than his doubts. Judas Iscariot is certainly not thought of as a martyr but the two, very different biblical accounts show just how easily traditions of the deaths of the apostles can develop. What we do know is that he died sometime in the first century, possibly around 80 AD. Podcasts About Evangelism and Case Making, So the Next Generation Will Know Curriculum, Cold-Case Christianity for Kids Teaching Outlines, God’s Crime Scene for Kids Teaching Outlines, Forensic Faith for Kids Teaching Outlines. According to Origen, other apostles went elsewhere; Thomas was assigned Parthia (today's India), and John was given "Asia. They really believed it. We do not know how or even whether any of the apostles were martyred. CTWeekly delivers the best content from ChristianityToday.com to your inbox each week. 3. We do not know how or even whether any of the apostles were martyred. All we have are legends from the second century and later. Also according to some traditions, Salome was the sister of Mary, Jesus' mother, making Salome Jesus' aunt, and her sons John the Apostle and James were Jesus' cousins. J. Warner April 11, 2016 Biblical Reliability, Christian History, Writings 3 Comments 21,462 Views. Why Were They Martyred? For some of the apostolic deaths there are competing traditions among early Christian groups. Jesus Christ selected the 12 apostles from among his early followers to become his closest companions. Since Jason Engwer brought it up, we may as well go through it as an exercise. Amidst some uncertainty, one thing is clear—the reason given for their deaths was the same. So I think we’re very confident he died as a martyr and I would say…it’s reasonable that he was beheaded. The records related to the deaths of the apostles are varied and diverse at times; some deaths are better attested than others. Who are the sources for these? .” ", But there are other sources to consider as well. Jesus called the two brothers “sons of thunder.” James was martyred by Herod Agrippa fourteen years after Jesus ascended to heaven. None of us knows by what means we are going to die, but we can do our part to be ready, as the Apostles were ready. Even historians debate the exact date or manner in which Paul died, but it is almost universally accepted that he was martyred. There are no pagan accounts, for example, that describe the apostles living leisurely lives along the Mediterranean coast. The … The Church historian Eusebius of Caesarea records that the apostles were martyred in different parts of the world, these early Church traditions are based on legends. Let us lead lives of Godly love, mercy, repentance and forgiveness. I’ve often said that the death of the apostles is an important piece of evidence related to the veracity of their claims about the Resurrection. The Apostles Began a Uniform Record As a result, the earliest uniform record of the deaths of the apostles describes them dying as martyrs. The tradition is that Peter was crucified upside down and that Paul was beheaded due to the fact that Paul was a Roman citizen (Acts 22:28), and Roman citizens were normally exempt from crucifixion. CTWeekly delivers the best content from ChristianityToday.com to your inbox each week. Influence of the Apostles Today. It was based on seeing the risen Jesus. According to Church tradition, their mother was Salome. One thing seems certain: Paul was not crucified because he was a Roman citizen, and his “death-row” process was prolonged compared to those of Jewish descend. St. Andrew was St. Peter’s brother, as they were both fishermen for their father. Let us draw ever so close to Jesus, the Son of God. It’s interesting to know a little bit more about how these apostles died, but it’s eternally more important to study what they did and taught throughout their lives. It's only right that you know your fair share about the apostles who stuck by Jesus throughout his life, and the one who didn't. The others were James' brother John and Simon Peter. THE 13 APOSTLES DIED? Just as importantly, there is no other competing ancient tradition that contradicts the martyrdom of the apostles. Acts 12: 2 tells us, for example, that Herod Agrippa had James, the brother of John, executed. As a new investigator of the claims of Christianity, this issue (the martyrdom of the apostles) became an important piece of evidence. At least four of the apostles were fishermen. Why, after all, would any person willingly choose to submit to a painful deathfor confession of the Christian faith? For more information about the reliability of the New Testament gospels and the case for Christianity, please read Cold-Case Christianity: A Homicide Detective Investigates the Claims of the Gospels. Although we may not know the specific identities of the actual lesser-known apostles who were martyred, these two sources provide evidence that some of them were executed for their faith. The Apostle Paul’s writing and teaching to the early church through letters makes up the bulk of the New Testament. The Scripture gives us detailed information about his life, his conversion, and his ministry. ... they were killed for believing in... What happened to the twelve (12) disciples of Jesus Much of what we “know” about the apostles comes from church tradition. That’s repeated in the writings of Paul…Read through Acts and just pay attention to how every single speech focuses on the resurrection. The apostle James was honored with a favored position by Jesus Christ. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "aae9daf59c324e619b14745502072500" );document.getElementById("a42b373292").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); J. Warner Wallace - Cold Case Christianity. The apostles began boldly on a path that led to their brutal execution, these deaths were corroborated by the earliest traditions (without contradictory record) and those who followed the apostles sought to emulate the apostolic martyrdoms as an expression of their own commitment to Christianity. 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